What is cancer?
Cancer is a class of diseases in which a group of cells grow uncontrollably, becoming an invasion in the body that destroys other bodily tissue.
What are some of the symptoms of cancer?
Although the symptoms of cancer depend on the location and the type of cancer, some symptoms are common with most cancers, including fatigue, loss of appetite, sweating at night, weight loss, fever and chills. These symptoms are known as systematic symptoms that occur due to distant effects of the cancer.
There are two other groups of symptoms local symptoms and metastatic symptoms. Local symptoms include lumps or swelling, bleeding, ulcers and pain in the site of the primary cancer and metastatic symptoms are caused by the spread of the cancer to other places in the body. These symptoms can be noticed in the enlarging of the liver, lymph nodes or spleen.
How can cancer be treated?
As with symptoms, cancer treatment methods depend on the type of cancer. If you are able to catch the cancer in its early stage, this means that the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body. In this case, surgery is the most common approach to treatment, as the localized cancerous cells can be surgically removed.
If all of the cancerous cells cannot be removed by surgery, other treatment options include radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of the two. Unfortunately, both do have side effects chemotherapy&rsquos effectiveness can be limited by its toxicity to other body tissues, and radiation can also cause damage to normal tissue.
Alternative cancer treatments also exist, and include herbal preparations, massage, acupuncture, mind-body interventions, and dietary requirements. These have not been proven as effective at removing or killing cancer cells, but can provide those affected by the disease with emotional and physical comfort, especially if used in conjunction with more conventional treatments.
Because cancer is a group of diseases, it is unlikely that there will ever be a singular &ldquocure for cancer&rdquo. However, researchers continue to study and experiment with different treatments in clinical trials. These experimental treatments often use the individual biology of a certain patient, determining the best medication and treatment for that particular individual.
Catching cancer in its early stage is the best way to ensure recovery. That is why it is important to self-check and have regular tests conducted by your doctor to detect any cancerous cells in the body.