There are a lot of questions surrounding thyroid health, but one thing is for sure, this gland affects your metabolism as well as other bodily functions.
The two most common diseases are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, and the difference between them is the hormone output from the thyroid, i.e hypothyroidism is a result of a deficiency of the thyroid hormone in the body, while hyperthyroidism occurs in the case of excessive production of this hormone.
What is concerning is that around one in 20 people will experience some form of thyroid dysfunction in their lifetime. Women are more susceptible than men.
Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism
As we mentioned above, these two diseases are a result of the imbalance of the thyroid hormone. Its production should not be deficient nor excessive, in order to prevent hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
It was previously stated that hypothyroidism is a result of a deficiency of the thyroid hormone in the body. In the case of hypothyroidism, the individual experiences the following symptoms: cramping, muscle pain, dry skin, trouble in concentration, excess fluid in tissues, thinning of hair, tiredness, as well as sensitivity to cold temperatures.
On the other hand, hyperthyroidism occurs in the case of excessive production of this hormone and leads to symptoms like an acceleration of heart rate, diarrhea, irritation, anxiety, unexpected weight loss, sleeping trouble, nervousness, and heat sensitivity.
There are cases, when the thyroid gland works too hard, it causes the formation of a large lump in the throat, as a symptom of lack of iodine, and it is called goitre.
But, you should be aware that your lifestyle is the major key on the incidence of these conditions. Namely, its most significant triggers are these ones:
– Deficiency of Iodine
– Accumulation of toxins
– Metal buildup
– Chronic stress
Also there are cases, where conditions such as toxic adenomas, thyroiditis, or Graves’ sickness can cause the occurrence of hyperthyroidism, while hypothyroidism may be triggered by overexposure to iodine or lithium, thyroid removal or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Prevention and treatment
1. Proper nutrition
Diet is the best way to get your hormones in check. It’s important to reduce your intake of sugar, processed foods, inflammatory foods and refined flours.
It may also be beneficial for you to increase your intake of iodine, zinc, omega-3 fats, and selenium, as they improve thyroid health.
Exercise helps regulate your metabolism and keeping your thyroid regular. So, if you’re suffering from this disease, you should start exercise regularly.
3. Stress management
Stress contributes to inflammation and adrenal exhaustion, which can lead to hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Therefore, you should try practice relaxing activities like meditation, yoga, walks in nature or breathing exercises to melt away tension and improve hormonal health.
4. Heat therapy
Taking hot baths and spending time in the sauna helps to detoxify your body and release toxins form the thyroid.
5. Nutritional supplements
You should consult your doctor or holistic practitioner before you decide to use some alternative products to treat these issues. But, if you try with nutritional supplements, you should know that there are numerous effective products to maintain a proper thyroid metabolism.
6. Thyroid hormones
Your doctor may inform you about some effective thyroid hormone replacement therapy in order to treat or prevent these issues and improve the thyroid health.
7. Prevent thyroid issues by preventing their causes
You need to prevent the major causes of their occurrence in order to successfully prevent thyroid problems. Therefore, you should reduce stress, and treat allergies, heavy metals and nutritional deficiencies on time. Moreover, you should avoid dairy products and gluten, which cause digestive distress.