21st Century – A century of the mind

The event Week of the brain, which was held in March, focused on the spread of new knowledge about the brain, and the popularization of neuroscience in the general population of children in kindergartens and schools, to adults. A special focus in this year’s Week of the brain was the importance of brain research in the 21st century, the century of the mind. Encouraged us to to explore how we can improve brain function, which exercises and skills we can employ brain cells and improve concentration, memory, visual-spatial abilities, to stimulate the development of the mind and brain. Remember, the brain is like a muscle: if it is not used, it weakens and atrophies.


Aerobics to fresh mind

Neurobic activities were invented to help strengthen and preserve brain cells. The term neurobic conceived Lawrence Katz and Manning Rubin presenting a series of exercises in the book “Keep your brain alive.” In neurobic foundation is the belief that by changing routines strengthen brain cells and the connections between them. Neurobika starts from the very begining, to stand up. Try to make minor changes in your everyday activities, to more engaging your senses. For example, to clothe while eyes closed, to change hands while using the computer mouse to eat or brush with your weaker hand. Every day you you’ll become more agile, parallel to the development of the brain that controls initiation of weaker hands. If you practice neurobic exercise day after day, and that means as much to change the routine, your mind over the years will not lose its freshness.

The brain likes challenges

The basic rule is to try to regularly expose the brain to new experiences and feelings. Because the more you use your brain, it will be faster and more effective. Wake up the brain cells and neurons you employ with a variety of exercises that will encourage a different way of thinking. Solving crosswords, puzzles, quizzes, all of these exercises to maintain mental abilities. Studies have shown that mental exercise can increase the intelligence of even up to 8 percent. You should read, write, listen to music, and even meditate to slow memory loss. To enhance the concentration one of the simplest exercises is to change the usual route which you move to your brain to offer new information and got it to work.

Visual-spatial skills and executive functions is actually the easiest to train. While exercising executive functions just by talking, visual-spatial skills can improve storing objects in a room. Later is enough to try to remember them and repeat the process whenever you have time. The memory is of the utmost importance for the normal functioning of the brain, and it is recommended that daily exercise and thus improve your ability to remember and remembering information.

Brain food

In addition to a variety of mental exercises, brain function can be improved with the way of nutrition as well. Carbohydrates are the main fuel for the brain, when the brain does not get enough fat, begins to spend reserves. If the brain does not receive the necessary fat for a long time, the fall of concentration, there is a disjointed speech, memory loss. Food should be varied and rich in fruits and vegetables. Brain also need the protein, meat, fish and eggs, vitamins (especially B group and folic acid) and minerals such as magnesium, zinc and phosphorus. Fish is particularly useful for the brain, because it is rich in essential fatty acids, and besides fish treat the brain with dark chocolate, which is rich in antioxidants.

Drink plenty of water. Lack of water leads to disruption of concentration, alertness and memory, and causes the headache. Very useful are mineral water which are rich in magnesium, green and black tea and coffee due to the antioxidants. It is important to point out that moderate amounts of coffee are useful, but coffee acts as a diuretic, so you should drink a glass of water, more if you are and coffee-addict. It is necessary and sufficient sleep for a healthy brain. In case of lack of sleep the brain is working slowly and difficult access to the data stored in it. The same goes with concentration, alertness, attention, reflexes and intellectual skills.


Diseases that affect the brain

During life special attention should be paid to prevention and the preservation of good mental health. In order for the brain to function properly, it needs a constant supply of blood, which brings food for the brain cells. And to make this supply sufficient, it is necessary to keep under control the risk factors of diseases that affect the brain. In the first place are the high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, a disorder in the breakdown of fat, blood clotting disorder, smoking, alcoholism.

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