History: Turmeric has been used in Asia for thousands of years and is a major part of Siddha medicine. It was first used as a dye, and then later for its medicinal properties.
The origin of the name is uncertain, possibly deriving from Middle English/early modern English as turmeryte or tarmaret. There was speculation that it may be of Latin origin, terra merita (merited earth).
The name of the genus, Curcuma, is from an Arabic name of both saffron and turmeric
Herbal properties and uses: it has a various medical properties. It is used for treat liver, ulcer, skin problems and etc. In general, it is a good anti-inflammatory agent. What is more, recent studies show that turmeric may help prevent colon, breast, lung and other forms of cancers.
It is used its roots, as most effective part in whole plant.
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Well drained, fertile soil
SUN REQUIREMENTS: Turmeric prefers warm direct or indirect sun.
GROWING ZONES: Turmeric is a tropical plant that does well when given abundant heat and moisture. This root will grow well in any region that has a temperate summer, and will die in the winter. USDA Zones 7b-10b
PLANTING TIME: Unless you live in the tropics, where it can be planted anytime, plant in late spring. Fresh roots can be planted directly into soil
Pollination: subsequent plantings.
Flowering/ seeding time: Shoots appear after 2 m planting.
Harvesting: When the plant has changed from abundant green to dry, dig up the entire plant, ensuring that you dig up the entire root (as this is the part that is used medicinally). Plan to harvest your turmeric root at the end of the summer growing season.
Plant yield: 700 grams of fresh root.
Essential oil use: For skin conditions, bruises, sprains, fungal infections.
IS THIS AN EDIBLE PLANT: Yes
CAUTIONS / CONTRAINDICATIONS: No contraindications have been seen, but avoid if you are pregnant, as turmeric has been associated with stimulating menstruation and possibly, but rarely, inducing abortion.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Avoid taking turmeric when taking drugs related to diabetes (that lower blood sugar).
Turmeric Cultivation and Growing Methods
Turmeric is grown from root cuttings, known as rhizomes. Given the fact that it doesn’t propagate seeds, all you need to grow turmeric indoors is a turmeric root which can be found in any health store. To grow your own turmeric plant, adhere to the following instructions:
Break a larger rhizome into a small rhizome piece with two or three buds.
Fill the pots with rich organic soil, which is lightly moist but well drained.
Place the rhizome about two inches below the surface of the soil, with the buds facing up.
Finally, water the container.
Note: It is recommended to feed the plant with a good organic fertilizer on a bimonthly basis.
Given the fact that it likes water, you should keep the soil moist. Water the plant every two days or mist it with a spray bottle. In case you live in cooler climates, water the plant less frequently.
How To Harvest Turmeric
The turmeric plants need about 8-10 months to grow. Even though all parts, including the stems and leaves are edible, the roots are mostly harvested. It is recommended to harvest the turmeric root when they mature.
Dig up all rhizomes from the pot when they are large enough. Keep a couple of pieces for the next season. Change the soil on a regular basis so that the plant gets all the nutrients it needs.
Storage and Use
You should keep the turmeric roots in a cool and dry place. When you are ready to use them, follow the steps below:
1. Boil the roots for about 45 minutes
2. Dry the turmeric in the sun for a week
3. Peel the roots ( wearing gloves)
4. Grind the rhizomes into a powder