Every person has unique genetic traits. Every piece of advice you receive regarding weight loss must be applied against your knowledge of your own constitution, metabolism, and genetic makeup.
The study of somatotyping classifies body types into 3 main groups – ectomorph, endomorph, and mesomorph (the suffix morph comes from Greek morphos, and means form, shape, or structure).
It is rare to find a person whose body type falls completely into one of these groups. Most of us share a mix of these genetic traits.
This person is slim and thin, and has skinny limbs and boney look. This is endurance athlete body type and means they can eat more carbs than the rest of us due to their fast metabolism. Their diet is made of medium proteins, carbs and little fat.
Mesomorphs have a medium sized bone structure and athletic body, and if they’re active, they usually have a considerable amount of lean mass. Many explosive athletes like wrestlers and gymnasts fit these criteria. Mesomorphs tend to be testosterone and growth hormone dominant. This profile leads to a predisposition for muscle gain and the maintenance of a lower body fat.
Mesomorphs typically do best on a mixed diet, consisting of balanced carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. A macronutrient split of 40% carbohydrate, 30% protein, and 30% fat can work well.
This body type stores fat very easily, and finds it hard to lose the fat. An endomorph often has a sluggish metabolism, and must be particularly careful with their diet. Here are some common characteristics of the endomorph body type:
– Tend to be naturally overweight
– Gain fat easily
– Find it difficult to lose the fat
– Larger around the waist
– Possibly sensitive to carbohydrates (particularly processed and refined carbs)
– Slow metabolism
– Body shape is more rounded or pear shaped
– Often has reasonable strength levels
If you are predominantly endomorphic – you will probably find that diet alone (i.e. diet without exercise) will not be enough to bring down your weight levels. Because you have a slow metabolic rate, it must be boosted with aerobic exercise and weight training.\
There is no doubt that we all possess unique genetic makeup and this profoundly affects our response to exercise and nutrition. The best way for weight loss is to see what type you are and see carb tolerance for that type. If you are active or workout, you can tolerate the carbs well. If you want to exercise more, make food by yourself with lots of carbs. But, for being a couch potato NO carbs, regardless of your type.