Leg cramps – also know as night cramps or Charley Horse – are painful spasms that typically occur in the calf muscles. Leg cramps tend to jolt a person awake in the middle of the night, but can also strike in the daytime during physical activities such as running and cycling. Fitness can put strain on your leg muscles. Some leg muscle cramps – which can last anywhere from a few seconds to up to 10 minutes – may also be the result of a sedentary lifestyle.
Restless leg syndrome vs. leg cramps
Both happen during sleeping but they are different.
The restless leg syndrome is neurological disorder with uncontrolled urge to move the legs. When you move legs in RLS this gives you relief and leg cramps are not like this.
These causes make leg cramps:
– Standing on concrete
– Sedentary lifestyle
– Some workouts
– Bad sitting pose
These are the advices that fight leg cramps
– Applying cold or heat also can offer some relief. To relax tense muscles, apply ice or a cold pack directly to the area where you feel cramping. Applying heat with a warm towel or heating pad, or by taking a hot bath or shower, also can make you feel better by reducing muscle pain or tenderness.
– Staying hydrated. Drinking water and other liquids throughout the day can keep you from becoming dehydrated. It can also help your muscles contract and relax more easily. It’s especially important to replenish your fluids when engaging in physical activity and to continue drinking water and other liquids after being active.
– Stretching before bed. If you have night leg cramps, it’s a good idea to stretch before turning in for the night.
– Doing light exercise. Riding a stationary bike for a few minutes before bedtime may help prevent cramps while you’re sleeping.
– Choosing the right shoes. Wearing shoes that have proper support may help prevent leg cramps.
– Untucking the covers. Loosen or untuck the bedsheets and other covers at the foot of your bed.